Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): A Common Cause of Infertility


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that affects millions of women worldwide. It is one of the leading causes of infertility in women, making it an important topic to understand. In this blog, we will discuss the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options for PCOS.

Symptoms of PCOS

Women with PCOS may experience a variety of symptoms, which can vary in severity. Some common symptoms include:

Irregular periods: Women with PCOS often have fewer than eight menstrual cycles per year, or they may have cycles that are more than 35 days apart.

Heavy bleeding: Periods may be heavier than usual for women with PCOS.

Excess androgen: High levels of male hormones can cause physical signs such as facial hair growth, acne, and male-pattern baldness.

Polycystic ovaries: Ovaries may be enlarged and contain numerous small cysts.

Weight gain: Many women with PCOS struggle with weight gain or have difficulty losing weight.

Insulin resistance: PCOS can cause the body to become resistant to insulin, leading to higher blood sugar levels and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

Causes of PCOS

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some possible contributing factors include:

Insulin resistance: High insulin levels can cause the ovaries to produce more androgens, leading to PCOS symptoms.

Inflammation: Chronic inflammation has been linked to PCOS and may contribute to insulin resistance.

Genetics: A family history of PCOS increases the likelihood of developing the condition.

Diagnosing PCOS

There is no single test to diagnose PCOS. Instead, healthcare providers rely on a combination of physical examination, medical history, and various tests, including:

Blood tests: These can measure hormone levels, cholesterol, and glucose levels to help identify PCOS.

Pelvic ultrasound: This imaging test can reveal the presence of cysts on the ovaries.

Physical examination: A healthcare provider may look for physical signs of PCOS, such as excess hair growth or acne.

Treatment Options

There is no cure for PCOS, but several treatment options can help manage symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. Some common treatments include:

Lifestyle changes: Eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight can help improve PCOS symptoms.

Medications: Birth control pills, anti-androgen medications, and insulin-sensitizing drugs may be prescribed to regulate hormones and improve insulin resistance.

Fertility treatments: If infertility is an issue, treatments such as ovulation induction, in vitro fertilization (IVF), or intrauterine insemination (IUI) may be recommended.


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a complex hormonal disorder that affects millions of women worldwide. By understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options, women with PCOS can take steps to manage their condition and improve their overall health.


1. Is PCOS a serious problem?

PCOS can be a serious problem if left untreated, as it can lead to complications such as infertility, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.

2. What is the main cause of PCOS?

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors, such as insulin resistance and inflammation.

3. What happens when you have polycystic ovaries?

Polycystic ovaries are enlarged and contain numerous small cysts, which can lead to hormonal imbalances, irregular periods, and infertility.

4. What does a PCOS belly look like?

A PCOS belly may appear larger due to weight gain or difficulty losing weight, which is a common symptom of the condition.

5. Can polycystic ovaries go away?

While polycystic ovaries may not completely go away, lifestyle changes and medical treatments can help manage symptoms and improve overall health.

6. What happens if PCOS is left untreated?

If left untreated, PCOS can lead to serious health complications, including infertility, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and endometrial cancer.

7. Are you born with PCOS?

PCOS is not a condition you are born with, but genetic factors can increase the likelihood of developing the condition later in life.

8. Can you have a baby with PCOS?

Women with PCOS can have a baby, but they may face challenges with fertility. Treatment options such as ovulation induction, IVF, or IUI can help improve fertility.


1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2015). Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Retrieved from https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos

2. Mayo Clinic. (2020). Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pcos/symptoms-causes/syc-20353439

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